This study investigates the informational effect of stock liquidity on dividend payouts. Using a sample of Chinese listed ﬁrms during 2000–2014, we ﬁnd a positive relation between stock li- quidity and dividend payouts. This result is robust to the use of alternative measures of liquid- ity, and holds after we control for endogeneity concerns. In accord with our hypothesis that stock liquidity provides information and increases insiders' incentive to pay out dividends, we ﬁnd that the positive relation between stock liquidity and dividend payouts is more pro- nounced when the information environment is opaque, and when conﬂict between controlling shareholders and minority investors is severe. Further, market reactions to regulatory stipula- tions requiring dividend payouts are more favorable for ﬁrms with low stock liquidity, suggest- ing that legal provisions and regulations are substitutes for stock liquidity. Finally, we rule out several alternative explanations concerning the governance of non-controlling blockholders and the alleviation of manager-shareholder agency conﬂict.